„The United States should stay with the other 189 parties to the agreement and not go out alone.” The pioneering agreement reached in 2015 aims to limit global warming to a level „well below” 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial temperatures. But in June 2017, U.S. President Donald Trump announced that the United States – the world`s second-largest emitter of greenhouse gases – would pull out of the agreement. America`s formal abandonment of the Paris Agreement requires more than a declaration from the White House Rose Garden. Mr. Trump`s decision is seen as largely symbolic, as it will take four years, and the country`s formal departure would end on November 4, 2020, the day after the next U.S. presidential election. Nevertheless, Trump`s announcement is a blow to the morals of the world (and to the enthusiasm associated with a growing sense of the global community around this issue). While many world leaders have expressed disappointment with Trump`s decision, they have also stressed their commitment to solving the problem of global warming with or without American participation.
In addition, a coalition of U.S. states (led by the governors of Washington, California and New York) and a similar coalition of dozens of the country`s major urban cities quickly announced that they would maintain their commitments and support for the Paris Agreement. We do not apologize to other nations for our environmental responsibility. Finally, before the signing of the Paris Agreement, America had reduced its carbon footprint to a level in the early 1990s. In fact, between 2000 and 2014, the United States reduced its CO2 emissions by 18%. And this was not done by a government mandate, but by innovation and technology in the U.S. private sector. This is not the first time the United States has not denounced an international climate agreement. The United States did not ratify the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, although it played an important role in its creation. In this case, the United States became a signatory to the agreement, but signalled almost immediately that it did not intend to assume its responsibilities.
Although the agreement was signed in December 2015, the treaty did not enter into force until November 4, 2016, 30 days after ratification by at least 55 countries representing 55% of global emissions. President Xi and I intend to continue working together in the coming months to ensure that our countries are at the forefront of the climate. Three years ago, for the first time in California, we decided to work together to reach a comprehensive agreement to gradually reduce the use of super-pollutants, known as CFCs, and we are only six weeks away from final negotiations. We also have the opportunity to reach a global agreement on reducing emissions from the global aviation industry, which does have the support of the industry.