The Gwich`in Tribal Council is a First Nations organization that represents the peoples of Gwich`in in northern Canada and owns approximately 23,884 square kilometres of land in the Yukon and Northwest Territories. It was founded in 1992 with the final ratification of the Gwich`in Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement with the Government of Canada. Negotiations for a final agreement and hence Gwich`s self-management are ongoing. CONSIDERING that, on 22 April 1992, Her Majesty, Queen of Canadian Law, and the Gwich`in, represented by the Gwich in Tribal Council, entered into a comprehensive foelaire claim agreement which establishes, in exchange for the release of certain rights and rights by the Gwich`in, certain rights and rights that Gwich`in must have, and confirms the G`ive`s contractual rights that are not affected by that release; On July 28, 1921, Chief Julius Salu of Tetlit Gwich`in signed Contract 11 at Fort McPherson with the Canadian government. On April 27, 1992, the Gwich`in Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement in Fort McPherson signed an agreement between the Gwich`in, the federal government and the Government of the Northwest Territories. CONSIDERING that the agreement also provides that the agreement is a land agreement within the meaning of section 35 of the Constitution Act 1982 and that Parliament`s approval is a precondition for the validity of the agreement; In April 1992, the Gwich`in Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement was concluded and signed by the Indian Minister of Northern Affairs and Development, the Head of Government of the Northwest Territories and representatives of the Gwich`in Tribal Council. A plan to accompany the agreement has also been signed. The GCLCA also provides for the negotiation of administrative autonomy. GNWT and Canada are negotiating a regional self-management agreement for the citizens of Gwich`in for the Gwichya Gwich`in Council (Tsiigehtchic), Tetl`it Gwich`in Council (Fort McPherson) and the Ehdiitat Gwich`in Council (Aklavik). The Nihtat Gwich`in Council and the Inuvik Native Band, GNWT and Canada are negotiating a self-management agreement that will create community autonomy for Inuvik`s Nihtat Gwich`in. Both models of self-management will represent only Gwich`in of citizens, this model is called the exclusive model of Aboriginal government.
CONSIDERING that Her Majesty, Queen of Canadian Law, and the Gwich`in, represented by the Gwich in Tribal Council, negotiated to ensure the security and clarity of rights relating to the ownership and exploitation of land and resources; 1 This Act can be referred to as the Gwich`in Land Claim Settlement Act. 2. Where`s the Gwich`in area? The Gwich`in area covers an area of approximately 57,000 square kilometres in the northwest corner of the NWT, with the Inuvialuit region to the north/northeast, the sahtu settlement area to the south/southeast and the Yukon territory to the west. The four municipalities of Gwich`in are Inuvik, Aklavik, Fort McPherson and Tsiigingchic. 5 To achieve its objectives, the Renewable Resources Committee established by the agreement has the capacity, rights, powers and privileges of a natural person. Back to the footnote [Note: Applicable Law December 22, 1992, see SI/93-1.] As part of the Gwich`in Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement, the GGV was awarded ownership of 16,264 square kilometres of land ownership throughout the Gwich`in and Yukon area, 6,065 km2 of land and 93 square kilometres of royalty land throughout the Gwich`in area. The GGV is responsible for the management of these lands and the management of the resources associated with them, to the benefit of all Gwich`in participants.